Nashville, TN (PRWEB) December 20, 2012
Global investigations firm Kroll Advisory Solutions today released its 2013 Cyber Security Forecast, highlighting the most unexpected cyber issues organizations will confront in the year ahead and best practices for addressing them.
Unless the Mayans are right, 2012 will end and 2013 will begin anew, and organizations across all industries will still be responsible for ensuring their data security practices are airtight, said Alan Brill, senior managing director at Kroll Advisory. While last years vulnerabilities will continue to haunt organizations that have yet to evolve their policies and procedures from encrypting data to regularly changing passwords there are many challenges and solutions that have yet to be explored. For this reason, weve decided to deviate from our respected peers in the industry and take a new tack with our 2013 predictions: addressing the issues organizations arent talking about, but should be.
Below, Kroll offers four unexpected cyber forces to be reckoned with in 2013 and recommendations for addressing them:
1. Vampire Data: Organizations Get Bitten by the Data They Never Knew They Had
Data exists in myriad locations and in a multitude of formats within an organization, and weve seen too many instances where clients just didnt know the data existed until they experienced an attack. We call this vampire data basically, any data that cant seem to be killed, but comes back to drain the life out of the organization. Examples include backup tapes and archiving that go back decades (even though they were scheduled to be destroyed); emails that should be destroyed after 90 days but exist indefinitely on employees desktops; and material that has been copied to portable or cloud storage without the organizations consent or knowledge. While it may not be a sanctioned copy of data, it may still be a discoverable one, and it can certainly be stolen or lost, causing a data breach that just shouldnt have happened.
What organizations can do now to prepare: Take a data inventory, classify it by confidentiality or sensitivity level, and handle it accordingly. Only allow users to access the data they need and provide employees with regular data handling training to avoid unnecessary data propagation or transmission. Investigating a breach of vampire data can put significant strain on internal resources, so it is a good idea to engage an outside consultant to help you determine what was lost.
2. Forgotten Forensics: Organizations Gain New Appreciation for Data Forensics in the Wake of a Breach
Like any applied science, forensics requires certain real-world tools and applications in order to be successful. During a forensics investigation, we sometimes have limited resources at our disposal because organizations arent properly logging or documenting their activities. As a result, organizations will spend more money to discover whether the breach occurred and what was lost, and may wind up sending notifications based on reasonable assumption rather than concrete evidence of exposure. As organizations come to understand the reputational and financial importance of forensics investigations, we will see a shift.
What organizations can do now to prepare: Turn on your logs and make sure they are retained long enough to be useful. But its also helpful to perform a security assessment and train key employees in the basics of immediate breach response. Those employees who are most likely to be first responders in a breach should know how to respond without wiping out vital evidence needed to understand the incident, or if applicable, meet the requirements set by the cyber insurance policy carrier.
3. Hackers Out for the Kill: Hackers Arent Out to Steal Your Data, Theyre Out to Destroy Your Company
It used to be that insider attacks were generally perceived as the most malicious if a breach was perpetrated by a malicious insider, especially one with an axe to grind and easy access to sensitive information, the results could be pretty nasty. But the latest batch of cyber attackers are delving deeper into the cyber warfare and cyber terrorism space. They have a rapidly evolving ideology and agenda namely, they are coming to destroy the secure network, erase pertinent data, wreak havoc with physical equipment, and ultimately take your company down. Kroll worked on a handful of very large engagements in 2012 that involved this type of attack, and in each case, the company was hit by an attack that destroyed data on a large number of machines throughout the global enterprise.
What organizations can do now to prepare: While this seems like a problem strictly for large enterprises, players are already beginning to develop and deploy these tactics on organizations of all sizes and in all industries. These groups may be looking for profit, perhaps holding your data for ransom, but the end result is still the same, and the stakes are high. Make sure you have a backup plan. Dont assume that because you have backup tapes you have a plan for restoration. If you are outsourcing IT functions, make sure your third parties understand their role in getting you back up and running and youll want to test their ability to do so.
4. The Gift of Gab: The Luxury of Nondisclosure Is a Thing of the Past
While the academic debate on this issue will continue in 2013, well start to see more and more organizations speaking up even when the loss is not personally identifiable or protected health information (PII and PHI). In some cases, nondisclosure will simply not be an option. For instance, if you experience a data destruction attack, everyone will know once your systems are down. In other instances, the stakes will be too high; the threat will be insurmountable without help from security consultants and government entities. Weve already seen an increase in the number of breaches where clients have been notified by a government entity or security firm that theyve lost sensitive data; we expect to see that trend only accelerate in 2013.
What organizations can do now to prepare: It is becoming increasingly important to contract with outside resources an investigation and forensics partner, a privacy law firm, and/or a breach notification partner. When a security incident occurs, having providers in place to assist with the investigation, advise on current legal requirements, and prepare a response should it experience a breach of PII will save time and expense for the affected organization.
If weve learned one thing from the changing climate of data security in 2012, it is that 2013 will definitely not be a time to employ the same old tactics, said Tim Ryan, managing director at Kroll Advisory. Boards of Directors are becoming more engaged on this subject, in part because it deals with corporate risk and also because the regulators are on the lookout. 2013 will require a review of information security governance, identification of information risk and controls, and preparation for the inevitable: a breach of sensitive data, a looming threat for every organization.
About the Experts
Alan Brill, CISSP, CFE, CIPP, FAAFS
Alan Brill, senior managing director for Kroll Advisory, consults with law firms and corporations on investigative issues relating to computers and digital technology, including the investigation of computer intrusions, Internet fraud, identity theft, misappropriation of intellectual property, cases of internal fraud, data theft, sabotage and computer security projects designed to prevent such events. Brill has been an instructor for the FBI, Secret Service, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, AICPA, ABA, John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard and the NATO Center of Excellence Defense Against Terrorism. He has testified in state and federal courts, before congressional and federal agency committees, a